MediAmbient




El Turó Park

The Turó Parc is a tidy, elegant and cosy area. A shaded area with small forests, beautiful scenery, beds of ivy, and winding pathways. Since its creation at the beginning of the twentieth century, this park has been without a doubt one of the most emblematic parks of Barcelona.

If we enter into the park through the main entrance on the Avinguda Pau Casals, we are welcomed by a statue dedicated to the great cellist that stands in a small pond. At the back of the oval-shaped square where the statue is located, there is a fence that surrounds the whole park. There are many entrances and paths to enter the park: the main entrance in the centre of the park and two others that are on either side, all three accompanied by over fifty well-pruned Holm Oak trees. An exquisite prelude to what waits for us inside the park.

The pond and the grassy area

The path that is on the left-hand side of the park leads us towards a children's play area, and a little bit further down the same path, to two of the more beautiful areas of the park: the pond and the grassy area. The lake is oval, covered with nymphs that bloom in spring. In addition, there is a row of majestic lime trees presides over a huge grassy lawn.

La plaça del teatret (The little theatre square)

Turning to the right, we come to the Plaça del Teatret, with a small kiosk where we can sit and have a refreshing drink whilst contemplating the open air theatre that was active in this square for many years. Below the old theatre there is a Mediterranean-style shelter, accompanied by a purple leaf plum tree giving the theatre that romantic touch. Due to its cool and shaded atmosphere, the best place to be is in the middle of these beautiful gardens. A variety of rose bushes and aromatic plants decorate the flower beds that line the edges.

Magnolias and Boulangrin

Sixteen large magnolias split into two rows decorate the main flower bedof the garden the Boulangrin constitutes the most genuine part of the original park project. The Boulangrin consists of a blend between Arab elements, like the stream that crosses from one side to another, and the typical Anglo-Saxon style flower beds. The flower bed is surrounded by stone benches that invite us to sit and relax or converse with others.

Vegetation

The large variety of species and trees that exist in Turó Parc is extraordinary, both for their age and size. Entering into the park through the main entrance on Avinguda Pau Casals, we are welcomed by an admirable group of evergreen Holm Oaks (Quercus ilex), with a forest floor of typical Mediterranean climbers and shrubbery such as the Laurestinus (Viburnum tinus).

There are also Southern Magnolias (Magnolia grandiflora), pepper trees (Shinus molle), Deodar Cedars (Cedrus deodara), common limes and silver lime trees (Tilia x europaea and Tilia tomentosa), London and Hybrid plane trees (Platanus x hispanica), Judas trees (Cercis siliquastrum),and Rosewood trees(Tipuana tipu), amongst many other species.

As for the palm trees and bushes, there are Date Palms (Phoenix dactylifera), Canarian Island Date Palms (Phoenix canariensis), American Cotton Palms (Washingtonia filifera), Bay Laurels (Laurus nobilis) and Oleanders (Nerium oleander).

Another way to enjoy the vegetation is by taking a walk through the botanical gardens, gaining knowledge of the main species, which includes the Carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua), which is featured in the local trees of interest catalogue.

Art and Architecture

The sculptures are another important element of the Turó Parc: the one by Apel·les Fenosa, dedicated to Pau Casals; or the one by Josep Calarà, dedicated to Francesc Viñas; Un Oiseau (a bird) by Jean Michel Folan, and in the grassy area, a bronze statue named La ben plantada, created by d'Eloïsa Cerdan in homage to writer Eugeni d'Ors. Where the Magnolia beds meet, there is also a bronze structure named Biga de la Font de l'Aurora, by Joan Borrell i Nicolau, that is a representation of an original plow that was once pulled by horses, with a bed of rose bushes behind it.

Literary art is also present in this park. A poetic journey allows us to read poems by the following poets Federico García Lorca, Fernando Pessoa, Dylan Thomas, Sylvia Plath, Walt Whitman, Narcís Comadira, Salvador Espriu, Joan Vinyoli and Alfonsina Storni.

History

Turó Parc originally opened its doors on the Bertrand-Girona family estate in 1912 as an old-fashioned fairground, dedicated to the famous poet Eduard Marquina. Then in 1917, the park's grounds were selected as one of Barcelona's future green spaces, which meant that the fairground would be closed in 1929. After the park's closure, the owners made a deal with the Town Council in which they were willing to part with the central part of the land in exchange for being able to build on the rest.

The urban plan proposed by Nicolau M. Rubió i Tudurí (then the director of the Barcelona Town Council Service of Parks and Gardens) that would make a park possible was for the park to be placed in the centre of the grounds, separating it from future edification on the current streets.

Rubió's idea was to create local neighbourhood gardens; confident that Barcelona would have "a network of similar spaces". But this did not happen for many decades, as Turó Parc was the only green space in the area, and one of the very few found throughout the whole city. Despite the fact that over the years there has been a progressive increase in green areas throughout Barcelona, this park continues to be a lot more than just a simple neighbourhood garden.

Characteristics

District
Sarrià-Sant Gervasi
Address
Av. de Pau Casals, 19
Access
Avinguda de Pau Casals and Carrers Francesc Pérez Cabrero, Josep Bertand, Ferran Agulló and Tenor Viñas.
Area
2.92 hectares (28.288m2)
Timetable
from 8:00 until evening
How to arrive
How to get there
Services
  • Bar and toilets
  • Park warden
  • Area where dogs allowed (direct acces from Franscesc Pere I Cabero Street. 24h opened)
  • Children's play area (2)
  • Table tennis tables
  • Visitors are not permitted to play football
  • Cycling is not permitted
  • The irrigation water in the park is not suitable for drinking
Equipments
  • Theatre square
  • Poetic route
  • Botanical route
Sculptures

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