The new Catalan climate change law was approved on 27 July 2017. The measure is based on European legislation, incorporating it into Catalan regulations. Its main goals are to:
- Reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Catalonia and foster the transition towards a low carbon economy.
- Reinforce and expand the strategies and plans that have been developed in recent years.
- Promote and guarantee coordination of all Catalan public administrations, and promote the participation of citizens, social agents and economic agents.
- Become a leading country in the research and application of new technologies, and reduce the Catalonia’s dependence on external energy resources.
- Make Catalonia's role in the world visible, both in cooperation projects and in participation in global discussion forums on climate change.
The law establishes a reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to promote Catalonia’s transition to a sustainable development model and determines their commitment to achieving the objective of reducing GHG emissions by 40% by 2030, 65% by 2040 and 100% by 2050 in respect to the values of 1990.
It also includes guaranteed access to basic energy and water resources and takes into account how vulnerable the population is to the impacts of climate change, especially so-called extreme phenomena such as heat waves, cold weather or droughts.
In addition, it creates a public fund, the Climate Fund, which should become an instrument for the implementation of mitigation and adaptation policies and actions, also establishing taxes for the most polluting activities.