International commitments

Barcelona has been aware of this problem for many years and has worked both on adopting international and local commitments and on approving various measures and plans aimed at mitigating the effects of climate change or adapting to it. The most relevant international commitments are detailed below:

  • Covenant of Mayors

    The Covenant of Mayors for Sustainable Energy, signed in 2008 represents the main objective in terms of mitigation and aims for a minimum of 20% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by the year 2020.

  • Making City Resilient

    The Making Cities Resilient campaign and its “10 essentials” (2013)

  • Mayors Adapt

    The European Union’s Covenant of Mayors Initiative on Climate Change Adaptation (Mayors Adapt), signed in 2014, represents the main commitment in terms of adapting cities to climate change and established the preparation of a climate change adaptation plan.

  • Compact of Mayors

    The “Compact of Mayors”, signed in 2015, is a global agreement, beyond the European Union, which is the reaffirmation of the city in terms of its main commitments, both to mitigation and adaptation, included in the Covenant of Mayors and in the Covenant of Mayors for Adaptation.

  • Compromís Ciutadà

    The Declaration and Agreement of the Network of Cities and People towards Sustainability in support of the Lima communique, signed in 2015, with no specific quantitative targets, represents a strategic positioning of all the members of the Network of Cities and People towards Sustainability, including Barcelona.

  • Pacte pel Clima

    The Covenant of Mayors for Climate & Energy, signed in 2017, in which the above European climate change mitigation and adaptation initiatives are combined. This Covenant was born with the aim of blending mitigation through adaptation, with the objective of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030 and increasing the resilience of cities.

  • Cities for Climate

    Paris statement. The 21st United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21), which was held in Paris, from 30 November to 12 December 2015. 195 cities assumed a leading role and it was under their Paris Declaration that they agreed to work towards and exceed the goals established in the Paris Agreement to keep global warming below 2 °C; producing participatory resilience strategies and action plans for adapting cities to climate risks (2020) and making the transition to 100% renewable energies and an 80% reduction in GHGs by 2050. Barcelona joined this initiative by presenting the Barcelona Climate Commitment.

  • The Global Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy is the formal merging of the Compact of Mayors and the European Union Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy, the two main global initiatives of cities and local governments for advancing the transition towards an economy with climate resilience and low carbon emissions, and to demonstrate the global impact of local action. More