The world is a changing, dynamic and living system. The living beings we know today are the result of more than 3500 million years of evolution and come from the survivors of five mass extinctions. Our species had been alive for less than a million years but thanks to its exponential growth, culture and capacity for transformation, it has accelerated unprecedented global change, which is irreversible in many cases. A change that poses all kinds of environmental, social, economic and political challenges. It is possible to put a stop to it and that involves all of society. Science and technology have a big say in the matter.