Further information; references


Free Software Definition, available online at https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.en.html and What is copyleft, available online at https://www.gnu.org/licenses/copyleft.es.html


Open Source Definition, available online at https://opensource.org/osd, and Frequently Asked Questions, available online at https://opensource.org/faq


Communication COM (2013) 455 final: Against lock-in: building open ICT systems by making better use of standards in public procurement. Available online at http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=2327

SWD(2013) 224 final. Guide for the procurement of standards-based ICT — Elements of Good Practice. Available online at http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/dae/document.cfm?doc_id=2326

The Sharing and Reuse Framework for IT Solutions (2016). Available online at https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/sites/default/files/sharing_and_reuse_of_it_solutions_framework_final.pdf

Governance Models for Sharing and Re-use for Common IT Solutions (2013). Available online at https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/sites/default/files/b6/cc/cd/Governance%20Models%20for%20Sharing%20and%20Re-use.pdf

OSOR: Guideline on public procurement of Open Source Software (2010). Available online at https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/sites/default/files/24/ac/83/OSS-procurement-guideline%20-final.pdf

OSOR: Guidelines for Public Administrations on Partnering with Free Software Developers. Available online at http://www.osor.eu/idabc-studiesec.europa.eu/idabc/servlets/Docbe59.pdf?id=28128

Political support and pioneers pivotal for open source. Available online at https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/community/osor/news/political-support-and-pioneers-pivotal-open-source, quoting Loon and Toshkov, Adopting open source software in public administration: The importance of boundary spanners and political commitment, available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2015.01.004

Public administration should prefer open source. Available online at https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/community/osor/news/%E2%80%98public-administration-should-prefer-open-source%E2%80%99, quoting Proofs Dietmar Harhoff, director of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, available online at https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PLpHqfsEDn8h6GP5K5NVM1D1_cJRDA6S-z&v=b5akW_VS57Q


Software de fuentes abiertas para el desarrollo de la Administración Pública Española. Guide on the use of free software in Spain’s public administrations. Available online at http://observatorio/cenatic.es/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=39:software-de-fuentes-abiertas-para-el-desarrollo-de-la-administracion-publica-espanola-una-vision-global-2008&ca-tid=5:administraciones-publicas&Itemid=21

Diez razones para el uso de software de fuentes abiertas en la educación. Available online at http://www.cenatic.es/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=25669


Studies and guidelines for collaboration between public administrations and free software developers. Free/Libre and Open Source Software: Survey and Study, FINAL REPORT. Available online at https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/sites/default/files/doc/PS-OSS%20Final%20report.pdf

General studies on free software for the public administration in the EU. Available online at http://www.flossproject.org/


Propuesta de recomendaciones a la Administración General del Estado sobre utilización del software libre y de fuentes abiertas, general study on the use of free software by the Spanish Ministry of Public Administrations. Available online at http://www.csi.map.es/csi/pg5s44.htm


Service Manual. Available online at https://www.gov.uk/service-manual



Aliprandi, Simone (2011) Interoperability and open standards: the key to true openness and innovation, International Free and Open Source Software Law Review, 3(1), p. 5-24, DOI: 10.5033/ifosslr.v3i1.53

Gardeler, R. (2013) Software Sustainability Maturity Model. Available online at http://oss-watch.ac.uk/resources/ssmm

Javier Ruiz (2016) Gobernanza de la fase inicial de la estrategia Open Source. Working document of Barcelona City Council. Meshed Insights Limited

Javier Ruiz (2016) Documents de suport a la compra pública en els aspectes de tecnologia oberta. Working document of Barcelona City Council. Omnis Systems

Paapst, Mathieu (2010) Affirmative action in procurement for open standards and FLOSS, IFOSS L. Rev., 2(2), p. 181-190, DOI: 10.5033/ifosslr.v2i2.41

Piana, Carlo (2010) Italian Constitutional Court gives way to Free Software friendly laws, IFOSS L. Rev., 2(1), p. 61-66, DOI. Available online at 10.5033/ifosslr.v2i1.38

Offerman, A (2012) Public Open Source Software Procurement Models: The Next Generation, European Journal of ePractice, núm. 18 (October 2012)s. Available online at https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/elibrary/case/public-open-source-software-procurement-models-next-generation and http://www.offerman.com/articles/Joinup/ePractice-Journal_Volume_18_Final_12_10_12_PART8.pdf

OSS Watch (2014) Decision factors for open source software procurement. Available online at http://oss-watch.ac.uk/resources/procurement-infopack

Shaikh, Maha and Cornford, Tony (2011) Total cost of ownership of open source software: a report for the UK Cabinet Office supported by OpenForum Europe. UK Cabinet Office, London, United Kingdom. Available online at http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/39826/

Software Freedom Law Centre (2008) A Legal Issues Primer for Open Source and Free Software Projects. Available online at http://www.softwarefreedom.org/resources/2008/foss-primer.html