Objective: reducing poverty and precariousness among womenPoverty and precariousness mostly affect women. All municipal data and surveys include figures segregated by gender which demonstrate this, enabling policies and strategies to be honed.
Two years ago the City Council set out its strategy to combat the feminisation of poverty and precariousness (2016-2024), with 71 specific measures, 85% of which are already being implemented.
Around 4,400 women improved their work situation thanks to municipal advice, training and contracting programmes in 2017. One example was the shock plan to combat long-term unemployment, with 670 women participating. Other initiatives include the socio-labour insertion work conducted as part of the ‘Treballs als barris’ project, helping 922 women, and the Labora programme, which includes the gender perspective and which contracted 1,027 women in 2017.
In a similar vein, and in line with new contracting criteria promoted by the City Council through social clauses, a total of 79 new contracts have included gender clauses since July 2017.
Between 2017 and 2018 work has also gone into setting up labour rights points in the city. One has been put into operation in Ciutat Vella and in the next few weeks two more are due to open, one in Nou Barris and another in Sants-Montjuïc. The support points help in the battle to combat labour precariousness and detect situations where labour rights have been violated, particularly sectors where women have a major presence, such as tourism and care work.
Over the last year work has also gone into specific programmes to help women into the world of work. Examples include ‘Construïm en femení altres economies’, a programmed designed to boost entrepreneurial projects by women, and ‘Camí de la solidesa’, a programme providing support for organisations from the social and cooperative economy mainly managed by women.
Seven women who were out of work or in precarious jobs took part in the project ‘La Marina dona empenta’, receiving training as lorry drivers. Finally, the Biosphere tourism certificate has been promoted so that participating companies incorporate criteria on dignified work and gender equality.
Some 90% of the care of relatives is done by women. Over the last year the budget has been increased for municipal services providing support for carers. The home help service has had a budget increase of 28%, the telecare service 23%, municipal schools 14% and the Respir programme 20%.
Social grants to tackle precariousness
A total of 2,065 social grants were awarded to single-parent families, 2,001 of them awarded to women. Meal subsidies were also awarded for open centres and summer schools. In terms of housing, an analysis compiled taking the gender perspective into account in relation to property tax subsidies showed that women are the beneficiaries in 76% of cases.