Licence to own potentially dangerous dogs

What do you need to know?

It is the permit granted by the City Council and giving an individual the right to own a potentially dangerous dog and walk it in public spaces. The licence is personal and non-transferable and must be renewed every five years.

VERY IMPORTANT:

A potentially dangerous dog is one which, because of its breed, its aggressive nature, and the size or strength of its jaw, is capable of injuring or killing people or other animals and causing damage to public or private property.

If you do not have the relevant licence, you may be fined. The fine may be minor, serious or very serious and sums ranging from €60 up to €30,000 may be payable.

Registration details must be updated when the animal changes address, and it must be deregistered in the event of its death.

The licence is valid for five years and throughout Spain. If a potentially dangerous dog changes district, it must be deregistered from the register for the district it lived in and registered with the council in the new district.

What is the purpose of this authorisation?

What is the purpose of this authorisation?

What does this licence cost and how long is it valid for?

The licence costs €53.

The licence is valid for five years and throughout Spain. If a potentially dangerous dog changes district, it must be deregistered from the register for the district it lived in and registered with the council in the new district.

What dogs are considered potentially dangerous?

  • Dogs of one of the following breeds or their crosses: akita inu, American Staffordshire terrier, bull mastiff, Doberman, Argentinian mastiff, Bordeaux mastiff, Brazilian mastiff, Neapolitan mastiff, pitbull terrier, Canary Islands hunting dog, Rottweiler, Staffordshire bull terrier and tosa inu or Japanese tosa.
  • Those that have been aggressive towards people or other dogs.
  • Those that have been trained to attack and defend.
  • Those with the following features: strong jaws, powerful appearance, robustness, agility, vigour, resistance, marked character and bravery, thick, muscular and short neck, etc., and other features mentioned in Annex II to Royal Decree 287/2002, of 22 March.

How is it processed?

Who can apply?

  • The owner of the animal, where that person is of legal age.
  • Any person who has to walk a dog considered to be potentially dangerous in public spaces and who is capable of giving the necessary care to the dog. This includes all members of a family unit who take the dog for a walk and also to dog walkers.

What requirements must I meet?

  • You must be of legal age.
  • You must not be incapable of giving the necessary care to the dog.
  • You must not have been convicted of the crimes of murder, injury or torture, or crimes against freedom or moral integrity, sexual freedom and public health.
  • You must not have been convicted of association with any armed gang or drug-trafficking ring.
  • You must not have been fined for offences in relation to owning potentially dangerous animals.
  • You need to provide a certificate of physical and psychological fitness.
  • You must have third party civil liability insurance with a minimum cover of €150,253.

What obligations must I meet as the owner or walker of a potentially dangerous dog?

  • The dogs must be walked on a lead, with a non-extendible lead no more than two metres long, and with a muzzle.
  • The facilities where the dogs are housed must be such as to prevent the animals from getting out and injuring third parties:
    • The walls and fencing must be high and strong enough and must be well fixed to support the animal's weight and pressure.
    • The doors to the facilities must be robust and designed to prevent the animals unhinging or opening the security mechanisms themselves.
    • The enclosure must be well signed with the warning that there is a dog of this kind inside.
  • Only one potentially dangerous dog may be walked per person.
  • Breeding potentially dangerous dogs is forbidden, except at facilities registered on the Zoological centres register as a breeding centre.
  • In the event that a person applies for a licence to walk potentially dangerous dogs which are not owned by them (dog walkers, animal rescue volunteers and kennels staff, etc.), a licence to walk potentially dangerous dogs must be applied for from the city council. Unlike the licences for individuals, no dog's name or chip appears, given that the dogs will change from time to time.

If you have any doubts, go to the Citizens Information Office in Plaza de Sant Miquel, which has an in-person service in the following languages: Catalan, Spanish, English, French, Arabic, Urdu and sign language. Opening hours, by prior appointment, are Mondays to Saturdays, 8.30 a.m. to 8 p.m. (except in August, when Saturday opening hours are 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.).

Steps necessary for processing

You can get the licence to own potentially dangerous dogs by going to the municipal citizens information office. Nevertheless, you can get the application form and start the process over the Internet (online and without a digital certificate), by telephone or in person.

  1. Common requirements for all processes

  1. Apply to register the animal in the Register.
  2. Gather the following documents:
  1. To get a licence for the first time:
  1. Original and photocopy of the application form for the licence, duly filled in.
  2. Receipt of payment of the relevant fee.
  3. Original and photocopy of the DNI, passport or driving licence.
  4. Sworn declaration stating that you have not been sanctioned for serious offences or very serious offences.
  5. Certificate of physical capacity and psychological fitness (original).
  6. Photocopy of the liability insurance policy which includes the animal’s identification details (name, breed, microchip code); insurance must cover third party damage for not less than €150,253.
  7. Photocopy of the receipt proving payment for the civil liability insurance, which must be in force.
  8. Copy of the payment form for registration in the pets register.
  9. Proof of the animal’s identification by microchip.
  10. In the case of citizens from other EU countries, a criminal record certificate must be provided.
  1. Renewing the licence requires the above documentation, except for the copy of the payment form for registration in the pets register and proof of the animal’s identification by microchip.
  2. To acquire a new potentially dangerous dog, as you already have a valid licence, you can submit the documentation for the new dog by post to the Barcelona Animal Protection Office.
  1. Pay the fee over the Internet or at a bank and continue the process in person.
  2. Request an appointment to submit the documentation and proof of fee payment. You can do that by accessing the Barcelona City Council appointments portal or calling 010.
  3. Go to the place indicated and submit the documentation required.
  4. On the day of the appointment, go to the place indicated. You must provide the details of the owner and the animal the licence is being obtained for and hand over the documentation required.
  5. You will receive the licence card by post. Once the formality has been completed and all the application data have been checked, the city council will send you the licence card by post or notify you of its refusal, within approximately three months.
  6. Before sending you the licence, if the documentation is in order, the city council will send you a provisional licence. The provisional licence is valid for six months.

 

  1. Specific requirements for online processing (necessary steps)

Once you have gathered the documentation, fill in the form. You must go to the application form, fill it in, confirm the details and print it (form available in Catalan and Spanish).

 

  1. Specific requirements for telephone processing

Once you have gathered the documentation, call and provide the details.

If you call from the city of Barcelona, you must call 010. During the same call, you must provide the details of the owner and the animal.

The telephone service is available in English, French, Catalan and Spanish.

 

  1. Specific requirements for in-person processing

Once you have gathered the documentation and requested an appointment on the Barcelona City Council appointment portal, go to your chosen citizens information office:

Want to know more?

What other important linked formalities should I know about?

If you have an animal which is considered to be potentially dangerous, prior to obtaining the licence to own potentially dangerous dogs, you must obtain:

IMPORTANT NOTICE

The procedures tend to change frequently. Therefore, only what is provided by the regulations in force at the time of carrying out the procedure in question is applicable.