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Updated: 10/2020

Document attesting to single-parent family status which provides benefits throughout Spain

Vocabulary
  • What do you need to know?
  • What do you need to do?

It is FREE OF CHARGE

Its general period of VALIDITY is 4 YEARS

It can be applied for at ANY TIME

It can be processed IN PERSON OR OVER THE INTERNET

What is it?

It is an official document accrediting the status of a family which financially depends on just one person (single-parent). It provides the opportunity to receive benefits, tax advantages and discounts at institutions, entities and commercial premises, in both the public and private sectors.

Along with the collective certificate for the whole family, an individual card for each family member is issued, for their personal, non-transferable use.

Important information

The certificate covers two categories:

  • The special category, which includes single parent families who depend on just one person:
    • With two or more children.
    • Families where the parent or one of the children is disabled or unable to work.
  • The general category: single-parent families not included in the situations described above.

You can call the Generalitat help line (012) to resolve any queries or incidents during the process over the Internet.

You can also consult the Government of Catalonia’s formalities website (available in Catalan and Spanish).

Why is it important?

The process is not compulsory but it is of significant interest to families meeting the requirements for single-parent families and who want to gain access to the benefits offered by the certificate. These advantages mainly relate to benefits, discounts and allowances relating to birth, adoption, guardianship or fostering of children, as well as housing, education and cultural matters, recruitment, transport and leisure

Therefore, the single-parent family certificate offers, among others, the following advantages:

  • Direct help with the deposit to buy social housing.
  • Universal financial help for single-parent families with children from 0 to 6 years of age.
  • Free family youth hostel card when you submit the single-parent family certificate. This card means all members of the single-parent family unit can stay in the hostels.
  • € 6 per day discount, on a full board basis, for each member of the single parent family, in the 20 hostels owned by Catalonia Tourism.
  • 50% discount on the entrance fee at public children's playgrounds owned by the Government of Catalonia.
  • Subsidised property tax (IBI).
  • Discount on transport tickets.
Who does it apply to?

It is aimed at families living with, and financially dependent on, a single person, who meet one of the following conditions:

  • They are made up of one or more children under 21 years of age.
  • They are made up of one or more children under 26 years of age, if they are studying.

Furthermore, there are other family cases which are also considered to be single-parent families (you can look this up in the “What do you need to know? > What requirements must be met?” section).

Who should apply for it?

The process can be done by anyone of legal age who is part of the family unit which meets the conditions to be a single-parent family.

What requirements must be met?
Requirements to be met by the household
  • Special category:
    • Families who are financially dependent on a single person with two or more children.
    • Families who are financially dependent on a single person where the parent or one of the children is disabled or unable to work.
  • General category:
    • Families who are financially dependent on a single person and who are not included in the situations described above.
  • Single-parent families are considered to be those made up as follows:
    • A parent, with children in his or her charge, who, at the same time, lives with another individual or other individuals without being married to any of them or having a stable partnership with any of them.
    • An individual who is widowed, or in a comparable situation, with children who are financially dependent on him or her.
    • A parent who has guardianship of the children and who does not receive court-ordered maintenance payments for them. Families in receipt of maintenance payments which are lower than half the current Catalonia Sufficient Income Indicator (IRSC) monthly for each child are also included.
    • A parent with children in his or her charge who has been the victim of violence, in accordance with Law 5/2008, of 24 April, on the right of women to eradicate domestic violence, by the other parent or cohabitee.
    • A parent with children in his or her charge who has suffered family desertion by the other parent or cohabitee.
    • A parent with children in his or her charge where the other parent is, for one year or more, imprisoned, in hospital or other similar situations.
Requirements to be met by the children
  • Being under 21 years of age, or being disabled or unable to work, or being under 26 years of age if they are studying.
    • There is no age limit for disabled children, as long as they live with their family.
  • Living with the parent and being financially dependent on them.
Which body is responsible for the formality?

Department of Employment, Social Affairs and Families (Generalitat de Catalunya - Government of Catalonia)

What advice and suggestions could help you?
  • Foreign nationals from non-EU countries have the right to be recognised as a single-parent family, as long as all the family members giving rise to the right to that status are legally resident in Catalonia.
  • For families who, at the same time, have the right to be recognised as a large family and also as a single-parent family, a certificate for each one will be issued, as they are compatible. However, benefits in the same class or of the same type are not cumulative, unless established otherwise.
  • You can call the Generalitat help line (012) to resolve any queries or incidents during the process over the Internet.
  • Please remember that the application cannot be processed over the Internet in cases where there are disabled children over 26 years old.
  • Please bear in mind that if the certificate is processed in person, the document is processed and handed over on the spot, as long as you provide the documentation requested and meet all the requirements.
What other linked formalities should you know about?

What do you need to do?

Online
In person

What steps should you take to apply for the single-parent family certificate?

1
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3
You have to get a digital certificate

In order to make the application over the Internet, you have to get a digital certificate beforehand.

To get information about the procedure for obtaining the digital certificate, access the appropriate document where you will find the information and all the details about how to obtain it.

Next
Fill in the form and gather the necessary documentation

You need to access the application form, fill it in following the instructions, attach the documents requested and send it.

When the application is registered, a page containing the details of the formality will be displayed, along with the document acknowledging receipt. You need to print or save this document, as it contains a record of receipt, the identifier for the formality and the fees.

The form is only available in Catalan and Spanish.

The application cannot be processed over the Internet in cases where there are disabled children over 26 years old.

In the event that you are part of a family unit in a specific situation that is not provided for above, check the specific documentation required with the body responsible.

If you have any queries or incidents while completing the formality over the Internet, please call 012.

Before filling in and sending the application form, you need to find out about the relevant documentation and have it available in electronic format.

Documentation
General documentation
  • Identity document (one of the following documents must be provided):
    • Spanish national identity document (DNI), NIF (tax identification number) or NIE (identity number for foreign nationals) for the individual or individuals applying and for the children over 18 years of age who form part of the family unit.
  • Family document (one of the following documents must be provided):
    • Full family book, or
    • Ruling, notarial certificate or administrative decision on adoption
Specific documentation

The specific documentation to be submitted varies according to the case applicable to the applicant.

  • Where there are children over 21 years of age:
    • Certificate that the family unit lives together on the date the application is submitted.
    • Where there is no obligation to file an income tax return in respect of children over 21 years of age:
      • Certified income tax return for the last available tax year or an imputed income certificate.
        • In the event that you authorise the Department of Employment, Social Affairs and Families to check these data with other authorities or bodies, you do not need to provide this documentation.
  • In the case of children over 21 and up to 26 years of age:
    • Certificate of studies or paid enrolment for the year in progress.
  • In the case of widowhood:
    • Death certificate for the other parent, in the event that it is not shown in the family book.
  • In the case of separation or divorce:
    • Court ruling on the family proceedings (separation or divorce decree and maintenance agreement approved by the court) establishing the measures for guardianship or the maintenance payments.
  • In the event that maintenance payments are unpaid:
    • Court ruling showing that proceedings have been initiated to enforce the decree due to non-payment of maintenance.
  • In the case of violence:
    • Court ruling, or any other type of evidence provided for by current legislation, attesting to the violence.
  • In the case of desertion:
    • Court ruling on the initiation of preliminary proceedings for the offence of desertion, or any other type of evidence provided for by current legislation attesting to the desertion.
  • In the case of imprisonment:
    • Certificate of incarceration in a detention centre.
  • In the case of hospitalisation:
    • Certificate of hospitalisation.
Additional documentation for nationals from another EU country
  • Certificate of registration as an EU resident.
  • EU resident’s permit for the individual or individuals applying and for the children over 18 years of age who form part of the family unit.
    • If you do not have the above document, you should provide the following:
      • Certified copy of the certificate proving registration in the Central Register of Foreign Nationals.
      • Certified copy of your passport or identity document from your country of origin.
Additional documentation for nationals from a country outside the EU (Non-EU)
  • Current resident’s permit for all members of the family unit.
  • Resident’s card for all members of the family unit.

A certified copy is a true copy of the original document which certifies its validity. It can be applied for at the registry offices or via a Spanish notary, by submitting the original document. For more information, check the relevant section on the Barcelona City Council formalities website (available in Catalan and Spanish)

In the event that you are part of a family unit in a specific situation that is not provided for above, check the specific documentation required with the body responsible.

Next
You will receive the certificate by post

If the application has been sent correctly, you will receive the acknowledgement of receipt and a confirmation e-mail (if you requested it on the application form).

The maximum period for issuing and notifying the decision is 6 months from the day after the date the application was submitted.

If the decision is favourable, the certificate will be sent to your address by registered post, along with the favourable decision

What steps should you take to apply for the single-parent family certificate?

1
2
3
Fill in the form and gather the documentation

You need to download the application form fill it in, confirm the details, print it and sign it.

The form is only available in Catalan and Spanish.

If you prefer, you can ask for the form and fill it in at the same office you deliver the documentation to.

Before starting the application, find out about and prepare the documentation that will be requested.

Documentation
  • All documentation to be provided must be the original and a photocopy, or a certified copy

A certified copy is a true copy of the original document which certifies its validity. It can be applied for at the registry offices or via a Spanish notary, by submitting the original document. For more information, check the relevant section on the Barcelona City Council formalities website (available in Catalan and Spanish)

General documentation
  • Application form for the single-parent family certificate.
  • Identity document (one of the following documents must be provided):
    • Spanish national identity document (DNI), NIF (tax identification number) or NIE (identity number for foreign nationals) for the individual or individuals applying and for the children over 18 years of age who form part of the family unit.
  • Family document (one of the following documents must be provided):
    • Full family book, or
    • Ruling, notarial certificate or administrative decision on the adoption.
Specific documentation

The specific documentation to be submitted varies according to the case applicable to the applicant.

  • Where there are children over 21 years of age:
    • Certificate that the family unit lives together on the date the application is submitted.
    • Where there is no obligation to file an income tax return in respect of children over 21 years of age:
      • Certified income tax return for the last available tax year or an imputed income certificate.
        • In the event that you authorise the Department of Employment, Social Affairs and Families to check these data with other authorities or bodies, you do not need to provide this documentation.
  • In the case of children over 21 and up to 26 years of age:
    • Certificate of studies or paid enrolment for the year in progress.
  • In the case of widowhood:
    • Death certificate for the other parent, in the event that it is not shown in the family book.
  • In the case of separation or divorce:
    • Court ruling on the family proceedings (separation or divorce decree and maintenance agreement approved by the court) establishing the measures for guardianship or the maintenance payments.
  • In the event that maintenance payments are unpaid:
    • Court ruling showing that proceedings have been initiated to enforce the decree due to non-payment of maintenance.
  • In the case of violence:
    • Court ruling, or any other type of evidence provided for by current legislation, attesting to the violence.
  • In the case of desertion:
    • Court ruling on the initiation of preliminary proceedings for the offence of desertion, or any other type of evidence provided for by current legislation attesting to the desertion.
  • In the case of imprisonment:
    • Certificate of incarceration in a detention centre.
  • In the case of hospitalisation:
    • Certificate of hospitalisation.
Additional documentation for nationals from another EU country
  • Certificate of registration as an EU resident.
  • EU resident’s permit for the individual or individuals applying and for the children over 18 years of age who form part of the family unit.
  • If you do not have the above document, you will need to provide a certified copy of the certificate proving registration in the Central Register of Foreign Nationals and a certified copy of your passport or identity document from the country of origin.
Additional documentation for nationals from a country outside the EU (Non-EU)
  • Current resident’s permit for all members of the family unit.
  • Resident’s card for all members of the family unit.

In the event that you are part of a family unit in a specific situation that is not provided for above, check the specific documentation required with the body responsible.

Next
Go to the place indicated and hand over the documentation required

To apply for the certificate in person, you need to go to one of the following offices to submit the application and documentation needed.

  • Directorate General for Families
  • Social and Family Affairs Offices
  • Citizens Information Offices of the Department of Employment, Social Affairs and Families
  • You can also go to any of the other places provided for by law:
    • At the registries of government bodies.
    • At post offices (in the form stipulated in the regulations).
    • At Spanish diplomatic representations or consular offices abroad.
    • At any other place provided for under current rules.

You can make an appointment before you go at some of these offices. To do so, go to the “Appointments” portal on the Government of Catalonia formalities website

Next
You will receive the title at your home

The maximum period for issuing and notifying the resolution is 6 months, counting from the day following the date of submission of the application.

The title will be sent by certified mail to your home, together with the estimated resolution, provided that all the requirements to have the status of a single-parent family are met and you have provided all the supporting documentation.

Along with the collective certificate for the whole family, an individual card for each family member is issued, in order to facilitate access to the benefits and advantages of the status of single-parent family.

Important information

Formalities tend to change fairly frequently. That is why it is only the regulations in force that apply when you carry out the formality in question.