A new way for getting around the city
Aiming to put order into Barcelona’s bus network and make it more orderly, efficient and comprehensive, Barcelona City Council and the Barcelona Metropolitan Transport operator (TBM) redefined the regular bus network in 2012 under rational, easy-to-us, connectivity and efficiency criteria, to offer city residents the best service. A bus network was needed which was easier to use and more reliable and which instilled confidence in its users.
Having assessed several proposals, the Council and operator finally went ahead with the project they called the Barcelona New Bus Network (NXB). This is based on putting into service a total of 28 high-performance lines with routes as straight as possible.This high-performance grid is complemented with part of the conventional lines there are operating in the city (with or without modifications), with inter-city lines and with local lines (neighbourhood buses).
The new fairer and easier-to-understand network represents a significant change in the habits of the city’s residents when it comes to travelling by bus. The lines’ regular availability and logical naming make it easier for citizens to understand and remember how the network operates.
Here Barcelona City Council has opted for a mobility model that offers alternatives that enable the city to be reclaimed as a quality urban public space, by increasing the number of sustainable, safe, fair and efficient journeys, such as travelling on foot, bicycle and public transport, in other words, a better-quality public transport.
The new bus network entered its first operational stage in 2012, since when it has steadily grown, having gone through several stages over the last six years. Existing lines that coincided with the new ones were either replaced or continued with changes to their routes so as to prevent duplications.
- 1 October 2012 saw the launch of two horizontal lines, two vertical lines and one diagonal, with combined lengths totalling 88.8 km (H12, H6, V7, V21 and D20)
- A further three horizontal and two vertical lines went into service on 18 November 2013, with combined lengths totalling 98 km (H8, H10, H16, V3 and V17)
- A horizontal line from the previous stage (H16) was restructured on 15 September 2014 and three new lines launched: one horizontal and two vertical (H14, V15 and V27).
- A three new lines went into service on 29 February 2016: one horizontal and two vertical (H4, V11 and V13).
- Four bus lines were incorporated on 13 November 2017: three vertical and one diagonal (V5, V29, V31 and D40).
- Finally, three further lines were launched on 25 June 2018 (V9, V33 and D50).
The New Bus Network carries 425,000 passengers on work days, close to 53% of the TMB bus network's total number of passengers, and is the highest-rated network.
The revamping of the entire bus service means that, in the final phase (2017-2018), 66 brand new vehicles will be brought in to meet the increased passenger demand of the last few years (+4.5% in 2016, +3.2% in 2017) and the needs of local residents from the neighbourhoods identified in the consultation and information process.
Lines 136 and 191 were created in November 2017, thanks to these buses, to provide a direct service to hospitals, and lines 112 and 185 have now been put into operation. On 5 November this year extra services will be introduced on local lines 13, 91 and 97. The new neighbourhood bus lines133 and 135 will soon be entering into service.
A more connected city.
The new network, now fairer and easier to understand, represents an important change in citizen habits when it comes to travelling by bus. The regular layout and logical naming system of the lines make it easier for users to understand and remember how the network operates.
The bus-network model adopted crosses Barcelona’s municipal boundaries and pushes beyond the urban continuum, set on strengthening the metropolitan area and boosting access to the integrated public transport network. So, of the existing lines, the H12 (Gornal - Besòs Verneda) now goes to Hospitalet de Llobregat, the H10 runs along the route through Sant Adrià de Besòs and Badalona, and both the H14 and the H16 go as far as Sant Adrià. The metropolitan focus of the bus network was strengthened in 2018 with new public transport axes benefiting Hospitalet (V1), Santa Coloma de Gramenet and Sant Adrià (V33).
Barcelona City Council has committed itself to a mobility model which offers alternatives for reclaiming the city as a quality urban space, by increasing the number of sustainable, safe and efficient journeys on foot, and by bicycle and public transport. A better quality public transport.