Initial approval for the 2024 Urban Mobility Plan
On 14 December the Commission for Ecology, Urban Planning, Infrastructures and Mobility initially approved the 2024 Urban Mobility Plan (PMU). A public scrutiny period during which appropriate arguments may be submitted now begins.
After that time, the new Urban Mobility Plan must be submitted to a meeting of the Full City Council for final approval. The document voted on was discussed with the associations forming part of the Mobility Pact and other entities in the city.
The 2024 PMU sets out four main challenges in response to the mobility needs of people and goods: guaranteeing the right to mobility, looking after people’s health and safety, contributing to the recovery of economic and commercial activities, and fighting the climate crisis and improving air quality.
The plan focuses on five broad areas of mobility: safety, sustainability, health, fairness and smart mobility. It also proposes that the following breakdown of means of transport should be reached by 2024:
- Journeys on foot: up from 34.35% to 35.27% (7.5% modal share increase).
- Journeys by public transport: up from 37.33% to 41.25% (15.7% modal share increase).
- Journeys by bicycle: up from 2.28% to 5% (129.4% modal share increase).
- Journeys by private vehicle: down from 26.04% to 18.48% (25.6% modal share decrease).
With this new breakdown of means of transport, 81.52% of journeys would be undertaken on foot, by public transport or cycling, thus reaching the highest number of stages carried out using sustainable means.
In order to achieve this, a total of 60 lines of action have been specified, with over 300 specific measures to be carried out in the next few years. These are essentially based on:
- Encouraging travel using sustainable means.
- Reducing inefficient or polluting travel.
- Regulating essential mobility and increasing its efficiency.
Under the PMU, mobility is based on pedestrians, with an emphasis on measures for public transport, urban freight distribution and the regulation of on -street parking.
In view of the exceptional circumstances resulting from the Covid-19 pandemic, Barcelona City Council will review the city’s mobility situation in a year’s time to establish whether any adjustments to these measures are needed.
- Gradually eliminating motorcycle parking spaces and bike lanes on pavements.
- Adding 32 km of pedestrian-only streets.
- Improving the monitoring and control of behaviour on pavements.
- Fitting accessible lifts and escalators in public spaces.
- Removing all obstacles in spaces intended for pedestrians (e.g. bollards, cabinets, etc.).
- Restricting and reducing vehicle access to areas around schools, particularly during school start and end times.
- Increasing the efficiency of the bus network, streamlining resources based on the demand for each line and reviewing routes.
- Analysing the weekend service to provide customers with a better service based on their journeys.
- Adding 67 km of bus lanes.
- Drawing up a proposal for the regulation of supra-municipal buses and the creation of bus stations.
- Promoting park-and-ride schemes with links to public transport at source.
- Considering the possibility of turning local bus lines into book-and-ride buses.
- Using zero-emission buses on entire lines.
- Implementing the metro service improvement plan by improving the frequency of the service.
- Promoting and giving priority to critical actions in the suburban train plan.
- Developing a public taxi application.
- Considering the micro-stop system in general.
- Expanding the current network of bike lanes by 40%.
- Including a 30 km/h lane on streets with three or more traffic lanes in order to increase compatibility with bicycles.
- Considering increasing the number of Bicing electric bicycles in accordance with demand.
- Developing a strategic safe bicycle parking plan in the city.
- Considering the possibility of adjusting parking times in UFD areas based on the type of distribution being carried out.
- Promoting the implementation of last-mile delivery micro-platforms, with at least one in each district of the city.
- Promoting night-time loading and unloading using silent vehicles.
- Boosting the locker or click & collect delivery systems (alternatives aimed at reducing home deliveries).
- Considering and promoting fees and/or fiscal measures to reduce the environmental impact of UFDs (“last mile fee”, “e-commerce fee”).
- Analysing UFD-related accident rates and promoting actions to minimise them.
- Increasing actions on high-accident areas and areas with a high accident risk.
- Putting in place 30 km/h speed limits throughout the city (except on connecting roads).
- Fostering and prioritising the use of more sustainable and less noisy vehicles, ideally electric or, alternatively, running on LPG or CNG.
- Reaching a percentage of electric vehicles in the municipal electric fleet of 80% by 2024.
- Increasing the number of electric vehicle charging points (60 fast charging points).
- Developing and implementing the city’s Parking Strategy.
- Extending the AREA rules in the entire city to 90% of regulated parking spaces on the road.
- Promoting a car park network with more diversified mobility services (bicycles, motorcycles, UFD, electric vehicles and carpooling).
- Extending carpooling services in the metropolitan area (private cars, motorcycles and bicycles) by extending the relevant licences.
- Incorporating automatic monitoring systems for road traffic offences (e.g. radar speed detectors, radar speed signs, average speed radar detectors, traffic light cameras, other cameras, etc.).
- Introducing video reporting on buses to identify and fine drivers that breach the rules at bus stops and on bus lanes.
More than 80% of journeys would be undertaken on foot, by public transport or cycling, thus reaching the highest number of stages carried out using sustainable means.