14. The Barcelona of the guilds (Under construction)
While maritime trade was the driving force of growth, manufacturing production was its lifeblood. It was conducted in family-based workshops run by a master craftsman and supplied local demand and exports alike.
To evade the constraints on association and encourage professional cooperation, the trades were grouped into pious confraternities as the 14th century progressed until they achieved representation in the Consell de Cent and became the basic structure of production and civic organisation. By the 16th century, many of them were already guilds with their own headquarters and enforced the protectionism typical of the early modern period through municipal regulations.