Anticipating demographic change with a strategy on ageingThe strategy on demographic change and ageing sets out policies to combat unwanted isolation and foster comprehensive personal and community care, with criteria taking into account inclusion, equality and gender justice. The plan includes 77 measures to promote care services, active ageing and coexistence between different generations.
There are around 165,000 people over the age of 75 in the city, a third of whom live alone. Every day the telecare service gets thirteen new users and the home help service gets six. The average life expectancy in our society is 83 and is set to rise in the future.
In 2030, one in three people will be 60 or over and more than 66% of the over-80s will be women. The trend also shows a change in the next generations of elderly people. On one hand, they will be better qualified academically, with careers spanning longer and better health. On the other, the number of people with debts or who don’t own a home will have increased, affecting household economies.
The strategy on demographic change and ageing, the result of joint work and participation between experts and various others, takes this analysis as its starting point. The goal is to anticipate municipal policies which adapt to demographic change and modify services and facilities to the needs of generations to come.
The city offers 62 services for the elderly and between 2015 and 2018 the corresponding municipal budget rose by 65%, from 83.8 million to 138.3 million euros.
To adapt to the demographic trend, the new plan includes 77 measures in four main areas: to back public care services, to promote coexistence and exchange between generations, to facilitate learning and participation, and to gauge the social and urban effects of demographic change more thoroughly.
The city has been mapped out block by block to gauge social user profiles, the aim being to get elderly people into greater contact with care and to move towards the creation of care superblocks (neighbourhood areas with various social services and relevant community spaces). This process will help draw more detailed conclusions on the best place to group facilities together.
Other measures include paths designed with the elderly in mind, better access to culture and the reduction of the digital divide, a white paper on education and an analysis on the needs of the most vulnerable groups in order to plan specific action.