The free port and Barcelona’s factory
On the Llobregat Delta’s left bank between Montjuïc and the river, the heart of many of Barcelona and Catalonia’s aspirations has been beating for over a century.
The free port plan was devised a hundred years ago as a port area for duty-free freight traffic but was never implemented as such. However, when turned into a large industrial estate it has been crucial for the conurbation of Barcelona and the history of Catalonia from economics with its large automotive industry to politics as the centre of militant anti-Francoism.
More recently, the Zona Franca between the port, airport, road networks and telecommunications is part of Barcelona’s logistics antenna for the world and also a testing ground for ideas in economic innovation, metropolitan development and environmental sustainability which take into consideration its location in the Llobregat Delta and the need to preserve local natural assets.