The current climate situation in the city and the future projections imply a whole series of consequences that will affect the day-to-day life of the city and its inhabitants.
Rising temperatures, reduced availability of water, increased flooding and shrinking beaches are some of the vulnerabilities that Barcelona will have to tackle as these will have implications for health, quality of life and people’s safety.
In order to prepare for these scenarios, Barcelona City Council carried out a series of studies to find out which are the most important challenges the city will have to face as a result of climate change and what effects they will have on infrastructures and people’s lives. The details of these studies can be viewed in the attached documents:
The biggest climate change challenges that Barcelona will have to face are:
It will be hotter in the city, with direct impacts on health.
Reduced availability of water
There will be less potable water in a context of drought and rising temperatures.
There will be a greater risk of flooding, with irregular and torrential rain.
The beaches will shrink.
Based on the challenges analysed, work has been carried out to determine the effects it will have on the following areas:
- People's health. Citizens’ health will be affected by the heat, by insect-borne diseases and by scarcer water resources.
- People’s quality of life and public safety. Inequalities will become more marked and there will be more social conflicts.
- Guaranteeing basic supplies. It will not always be possible to guarantee the supply of basic resources such as energy and water.
- Cost of living. The cost of living will be directly affected by the possible rise in the price of fossil fuels, on which we are still dependent, and of products derived from these or which are transported from far away.
- Environment. Biodiversity and nature in the city, both plants and wildlife, will be affected by the predicted climate change.
Study on the impacts of climate change in Barcelona
Based on research conducted by the AMB, Barcelona Regional and the Catalan Meteorological Service have analysed how the climate in the area will change and what effects this will have on the city. Consult the studies.
More specifically, they have analysed how the city will be affected in certain areas: