The Municipal Data Office (OMD) has presented data from the survey conducted among Barcelona’s inhabitants from 6 to 16 April and gauging their perception of health, home-confinement, the economy and employment during the Covid-19 crisis.
The survey on Covid-19 in Barcelona analyses the impact of the situation caused by the coronavirus in four basic areas: health, work, lockdown and the perception of the crisis, and institutional management. The goal is to conduct 900 surveys a week, until things get back to normal, to gauge the opinions of Barcelona inhabitants over the age of 16 and assess the way people’s perception evolves in relation to the current situation.
As fieldwork progresses and more information becomes available, the analytical potential of the survey will increase. Among other things, this data will allow district breakdowns on people considered symptomatic, information on which sectors have seen more temporary lay-offs or job losses etc.
Results of the first survey
Data on the general perception of the situation show that 86.1% of people in Barcelona are worried or very worried, a concern which also increases as the days go by. Besides care of the sick, the economy is the issue which worries most people right now (with 32.4% of answers), followed by other health-related topics, such as improvements to healthcare and prevention of the disease (with more than 25% of answers). By spheres, the data are as follows:
- Health: data linked to the state of people’s health shows subjective perceptions among the city’s population about coronavirus. It’s worth noting that very few of those surveyed had been diagnosed with a test and only a few had been to a medical facility. Hence, 9.6% of those interviewed affirm they have had coronavirus symptoms. Of these, just 11.1% had been tested and less that 40% had been to a medical centre. Finally, 6.1% had been admitted to hospital.
- Employment: the main goal of this survey is to identify the first consequences of the healthcare crisis on employment among Barcelona’s inhabitants. Among those in jobs, 31.8% stated that they work in essential services, and nearly half of people interviewed are salaried workers. Of these, 5.3% declared they have been made redundant as a result of the healthcare crisis, while 26.6% have been temporarily laid off. In terms of labour perspectives, 53.3% of people in work believe the crisis will have a negative effect on their jobs.
- Lockdown: of the 1,500 people surveyed, 14% stated they are in lockdown alone, a figure which is higher among the elderly: three out of ten people over the age of 65 are in lockdown alone. Describing home-confinement, 44.2% of people affirmed that it is tough or very tough, while 55.3% affirmed it was not so bad or not tough at all. There were no significant differences between those in lockdown alone and those at home with others. Even so, it’s worth bearing in mind that as the days pass the number of negative affirmations rises. In terms of activities during lockdown, most people interviewed have an internet connection, have good relationships with their neighbours, are in regular contact with friends and relatives they are not at home with, and exercise regularly within their homes.
- Vulnerability: the survey finds that 1% of the population may be vulnerable, a percentage based on the number of people who can’t access cleaning products and medicines (2%), the external help they need (1.1%) and food (0.6%).
- Institutional management: a majority of those interviewed (58.1%) gave a positive assessment of the way the City Council is handling the crisis. Regarding the Government of Catalonia, 56% gave a positive evaluation and 23.1% a negative one. In the case of the Spanish government, 43.7% of people in Barcelona were critical, compared to a favourable opinion from 39.9%.