Integrated into the urban grid designed by Ildefons Cerdà, Joan Miró Park lies on the site of the city's former abattoir, an area equivalent to four Eixample blocks. Its outstanding features include large groups of pine trees, holm oaks and palm trees, and the sculpture Woman and Bird, a work by the great painter, sculptor and ceramicist Joan Miró.
This is a park that offers visitors a surprise at each of its numerous entrances, as these give access to very different spaces both in structure and in use. It is a comfortable park to be in, where you choose your area according to what you plan to do.
Local residents meet up there every day in the pine grove, to chat away on the terrace of one of the kiosk bars or watch while the kids are playing in one of the six children’s play areas, the largest of which is accessible. The palm grove has pétanque courts for the sport’s aficionados and a large 720 m2 area for people to let their dogs run free in.
It is also the first park where a new use was given to urban spaces with obsolete facilities. Located on the site of the city’s old abattoir, it is a good example of the new urban-strategy model that was embarked on with the advent of democracy and which was based on gentrifying the periphery while reclaiming the city centre. The new arrangement of urban spaces allowed for a steady growth of an extensive and quality public space, of which this park is a prime example.
Canary Island date palms and ordinary date palms (Phoenix canariensis and Phoenix dactylifera) may dominate the park in number, but it is the stone and Aleppo pines (Pinus pinea and Pinus halepensis) along with the holm oaks (Quercus ilex) that offer a large space of typically Mediterranean vegetation, where large eucalyptuses (Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Eucalyptus globulus) are also found.
You will find oleanders (Nerium oleander) alongside cypress hedges (Cupressus sempervirens), by the library, as well as majestic white poplars (Populus alba) next to the palm grove. Elms (Ulmus pumila) and cedars (Cedrus deodara) are among the other species found in this park. Chinese wisterias (Wisteria sinensis) and bougainvilleas (Bougainvillea glabra) stand out resplendently on the pergolas.
Landscaping and Design
The park is organised into several areas. The first, gardens for biodiversity, is designed to improve the quality of the habitat for flora and fauna. It creates a new environment that encourages the presence of fauna through groups of trees with shelters that attract birds, butterflies and other beneficial species.
The square lies next to a 6,000 m2 expanse of grass that covers an underground car park and rain-water tank. Skirting around it along one of the sides are various-sized platforms that interconnect through paths shaded by pergolas covered in climber plants which lead towards the wildest and most extensive area of the park: the woods. First, a palm grove and, immediately after that, a pine grove.
Visitors entering the park via C/ Vilamarí and C/ Diputació will find a library surrounded by water, an attractive and welcoming building, surrounded by water channels bounded by lines of sculpted cyprus trees. The public library is an extraordinary complement to this large urban green space.
Art and Architecture
Standing on one side of the pool in the large square on the C/ Tarragona and C/ Aragó side of the park, there is a 22-metre-high sculpture by Joan Miró entitled Dona i Ocell (Woman and Bird), which dominates this large green space. It is made from trencadís (a broken-tile mosaic) and has become one of the park’s principal landmarks. The sculptor himself donated it to the city.
- Carrer d'Aragó, 2
- la Nova Esquerra de l'Eixample
- 'Activa't als parcs' al Parc de Joan Miró
- Permanent event
- Carrer d'Aragó, 2